Self-Reliance

How to Live in Your Vehicle and Survive

We are going to look at a topic that’s not talked about much on survival sites, but it’s something that we’ve wanted to cover for a while. We’ve touched on various aspects of living off the grid in an RV or trailer, but we haven’t talked much about the boondocking lifestyle or how one might survive if they found themselves having to live in a vehicle.

I was going to write this article myself, but I found
someone with real-world experience who has gone through some tough times and
has actually had to live in a vehicle to
survive. Since nothing beats real-world knowledge and experience, I’ve asked
him to talk about the lifestyle and
provide some tips on how someone could live in a vehicle, either by choice or because
they found themselves in a desperate situation.

So let’s jump in and have a go at it…

What is Boondocking?

Boondocking, sometimes called dispersed camping
or dry camping refers to RV camping outside of a designated campground. The term is pretty broad, but in general, it can
include anything from parking in a public parking lot for a day or two
to staying on public land for weeks at a time. Broadly
speaking, in some circles boondocking has also been extended to include
living in a van or even in small trucks and cars.

While purists might focus on the voluntary
aspect of RV boondocking, I’m going to take a look at the nomadic lifestyle
from multiple different aspects.

What
might cause someone to live a nomadic lifestyle out on the open road?

  • Rising rents in urban areas, combined with stagnant wages have forced many people to live out of their vehicles or RV’s.
  • In other cases, choosing to boondock in a van or RV has become a lifestyle choice, as modern nomads wander across the US to enjoy a bit of freedom.
  • Some do it temporarily, as a way to save money on vacation or experience something a little different and not be tied down to a formal campground.

Whatever your reason for boondocking — survival,
hobby, or lifestyle choice — there are a lot of things to consider.

Since OFFGRID Survival is primarily
focused on preparedness related issues, we are going to look at the lifestyle from a survival perspective.
There are tons of online resources for RV boondockers
who can support themselves or treat it as a hobby. But for people forced into
boondocking, or for those who choose it as an alternative economic choice, there are a ton of other considerations that don’t
get discussed much, so let’s dig in.

Choosing a Boondocking Vehicle (If you can)

Let’s assume you are lucky enough to be able to
select the kind of vehicle you want to live in.
You’ve got a wide range of choices. You
can choose an RV, a van, or some other personal vehicle.

For many boondockers,
the ideal vehicle is some sort of self-contained RV. An RV motorhome combines
transportation and housing and gives you
a level of comfort beyond any other type of vehicle
discussed in this article.

But there are some other
options:

  • A conversion van will
    work if you are willing to give up amenities.
  • Travel trailers and
    fifth wheels offer the chance to use the tow vehicle as transportation, but
    also offers tradeoffs.
  • At the bottom end is
    roughing it in a car, truck or van with minimal improvements.

Let’s consider each in
turn.

Living in an RV

RV Motorhome Parked on the Road

Motorhomes are fully self-contained and require no vehicle to tow. Depending on the size and age, the quality of the interior and amount of creature comforts varies. At a minimum though, they should be fully self-contained in terms of sanitation, cooking and sleeping. On the upper end, some motorhomes resemble small apartments and are very nicely laid out.  

From a preparedness and
survival standpoint, motorhomes are always going to be larger than other
vehicles, and offer little or no practical stealth if you are trying to keep a
low profile while on the road. Plus, you have to tow a small car with you,
carry a bike or scooter, or rely on the motorhome itself for transportation,
which can be a real problem depending on the size of your RV.

If you don’t have to keep a low profile, and want all the comforts of home in a
single vehicle, motorhomes are the way to go for boondocking. But this is an
article about survival, so let’s look at some more practical options.

Living in a Travel
Trailer or Fifth Wheel

Living in an Airstream Trailer

Travel trailers and
fifth wheels might be an ideal compromise for survival boondockers. They feature many of the amenities that you are used in a normal home or apartment but they give you the ability to size down and live a life of comfort while out
on the road.

A big advantage here is
that you are free to use your tow vehicle without having to drag the trailer
around everywhere you go. It gives you a great amount of freedom, but at the
same time requires that you feel secure in your camping place.

Some things to keep in mind:

  • Trailers can be picked up relatively
    cheaply, and some ultra-lights or smaller trailers can even be towed with a common car.
  • If you
    are going with a higher-end fifth wheel, keep in mind that while you will get more space, they
    do require special hitches and modifications to a pickup truck to be used.
  • Assuming
    you can find a place to park where it is safe to
    leave your RV, you can use the tow vehicle to go into town for groceries or
    work.

Living
in a Tent Trailer

Pop Up Tent Trailer

If you are desperate, or
on a tight budget then there is the option of living out of a tent trailer. I’m
not going to lie, this isn’t the best long-term option but it’s far better than
living in a regular tent and offers some amenities
– you may even be able to find one with water hookups and sanitation
facilities. These are best for casual use (or desperation use) but they are easy to tow, take up little
room, and they are easy to pack up and move at a moments notice.

A couple of things to keep
in mind about Tent Trailers

  • They are easily stolen due to their size. However,
    if you don’t mind primitive living, but want a few more comforts than are
    afforded by a tent, a tent trailer might be a good choice.
  • They are harder to heat than a traditional RV.
  • You’re
    not going to be able to boondock at a truck stop, Walmart, or other places
    where you can get away with parking an RV.

Living in a Van

Living in a Van

If you
want some of the comforts of a motorhome, but can’t
afford the price tag, you might want to consider their smaller, more discrete cousin:
the van.

Van can range from everything from custom built camping vans with normal household amenities and possibly a portable toilet to on the other end of the spectrum just unrolling a sleeping bag in the back of an old work van and calling it a day.

There are entire lifestyles that revolve around van life and living or camping in vans, and some van owners have built amazing custom camping vans. There are a lot of tradeoffs though, most involve limited sanitation and cooking facilities, and even more reduced living facilities.

If you have the chance to set up a proper camp, a van is a great base of operations and gives you a platform to “spread out” from. If you have to keep a low profile, a van is still pretty obvious, but with the right looking one, you could probably make a decent effort at passing as a common work vehicle.

Living in a Car or Truck

Pickup Truck with Camper Shell

Living in your vehicle probably ranks in the top of the shitty options list. I’ve done it myself, and it isn’t pleasant. But it is something that many people do every night due to having no other options. If you have to live in a car or truck, ideally you can choose one that at least lets you lay down and sleep in the back in relative privacy.

  • Vans or trucks with canopies or camper shells are ideal choices for that. But if you use a camper shell, you do lose a lot of stealth.
  • Camper shells turn the back of a pickup into a makeshift RV, but rarely offers more than a stove, a sink with a small water tank, and maybe a tiny fridge. But they are a good way to turn a truck into a boondocking home though.
  • If you are reduced to sleeping in your car, try to pick up a cheap van. You’ll at least have more room and privacy. If you cannot do that, try to park in clean, well-lit areas, keep the interior of your car clean, and keep yourself looking tidy. Avoid drug and alcohol use, and obvious signs of living in your car.

While this can be a crappy way to live, some people do it by choice and do it very successfully. So remember, sometimes it’s simply your frame of mind and how you approach your circumstances that defines the outcome of your situation. For instance, check out this couple who has been living in small vehicle for years now while successfully running businesses and living an adventure of a life:

Vehicle Living Survival Tips: How to Live in Your Car

Let’s say you’ve got the vehicle you want to
boondock in. How you survive in it will vary wildly depending on the type of
vehicle. With that in mind, if you have a
fully self-sufficient RV of any sort, you
are miles ahead of the game. I’m only going to briefly
talk about RVs, as living in them is going to be a hell of a lot easier
than any other option.

When I say self-sufficient
or fully self-contained, I mean this to
be a vehicle with hot and cold running water, a
refrigerator, cookstove, shower, toilet, and sleeping/living
accommodations. They may not be luxurious, but you’ll have all the discomforts
and some of the comforts of home.

Considerations for the self-contained boondocker:

Living in a small trailer

The self-contained
boondocker needs to be concerned with
keeping potable water in their tanks, safely and legally disposing of wastewater and sewage, ensuring their batteries
are charged and making sure they have
plenty of propane in their propane tanks. The rest is general maintenance, best
learned through consulting the manufacturer’s
literature.  

Fortunately, water and sanitation can be
handled at any number of formal RV dump sites in campgrounds and rest
areas throughout the country. If you are boondocking away from traditional
campsites, you’ll have to make a regular effort to make use of them, so make
sure your RV is road worthy. Although, if you are fortunate enough to park on
private land where you can access some sort of
sewage system and water line, you are miles ahead of the game.

Living in a vehicle that is not
self-contained

Small camping van

If you are not fully self-contained, life gets
harder real quick. If boondocking is a hobby or
a means to travel, it isn’t so bad. If you are forced to live in your
vehicle during an emergency or for economic reasons, it’s pretty rough.

Making your vehicle as
comfortable as possible:

  • As a general rule,
    you’ll want to have a warm blanket or sleeping bag, and a small pillow. The
    less self-contained your vehicle, the
    more you need to see to your comfort. Don’t neglect your security.
  • There are a number of small propane heaters that can be
    used to keep your vehicle warm that uses
    disposable propane cylinders. Only use these with adequate ventilation, or you
    run the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Consider wiring a second
    battery into your vehicle’s power system. This
    ensures you can charge small electronic devices, while still being able to
    start your car.
  • Unless you are parked near a restroom, you might have to
    relieve yourself into a portable container. Pee jugs are common, and there are
    ways for women to make use of them as well. Keep hand sanitizer and maybe some
    extra wash water handy.
  • Cooking can be handled on a small camp stove, allowing you
    to make soup, or quickly grill some meat and veggies. If you aren’t living in a
    van or truck, you might have to cook outside. Cooking your own meals saves on eating out, and stretches
    your resources further.

Safety
Considerations:

  • Keep all your doors locked, and where legal, consider having some sort of weapon to protect yourself from people who might see you as an easy target.
  • Be aware of your surroundings. Never park in an unsafe location if you can help it. Consider the risks of natural disasters or human predation. Nobody wants to wake up to a gangbanger breaking into their car, or a river overflowing its banks.

In a nutshell, living in car or truck is like an extended camping trip, and when you treat
it that way, you’ll find your quality of life improves.

Power Generation: How to find Power when Living in a Vehicle

Emergency Backup Solar Panel Power

If you are fortunate enough to have a fully
contained RV, you’ve probably got an onboard generator. If not, it is stupid
easy to hook up an external generator to your system. From there, it’s just a
question of how you choose to use the generated power.

You’ll want to have a sufficient battery bank to
suit your needs, and when possible solar panels to help keep them charged.
Remember, when boondocking, security, privacy or good manners may not always
allow for the use of a generator, so you
might need to use more passive means like
solar to keep your batteries charged.

For those living in van, camper, or car, you do have options! Simply running your engine will keep batteries charged if you can afford the fuel. Small solar panels exist that can charge individual devices like tablets.

When living in a less contained vehicle, small solar panels charging a portable battery pack that can run your mobile computing devices might be your best option.

Here are a couple good portable solar panels and power packs that we recommend:

In all circumstances, if you have the need and
means, a portable generator can be of great use. However, consider that when
living in a van or car, it will take up valuable space when not in use, and you
may not really need that much power output. Living in a restricted space also
means using less electricity. Outside of interior lighting, and personal
electronic devices, there will be few electrical items that you’ll be using,
and fewer still that justify the output of a generator.

In most cases outside RV, camper and some forms
of van living, you’ll be best suited by a
couple small solar panels, a portable
power pack, and a spare onboard deep cycle battery to charge off your
alternator when possible.

Health Sanitation concerns when living in a vehicle

Public Restrooms

This is another mixed bag and
one I’ve touched on to some extent already. As always, self-contained RV’s are king here. Having onboard waste tanks, and
some form of running water beats peeing in a jug, digging a hole, or looking
for a public bathroom.

If you lack those amenities, you are rapidly becoming more primitive in your boondock
sanitation. Various self-contained
portable toilets exist, but keeping the rest of yourself clean can be a
challenge. At a bare minimum, you should have hand sanitizer, and the ability to clean
your hands, face, armpits, feet and nether regions. Anything you can do beyond
that is a vast improvement.

In some cases,
you can use one of many portable showers on the market, although these are really meant for boondocking off the beaten
path. Our urban boondocker survivors will have to resort to the old tried and
true quick washes in public restrooms, gym memberships, or other similar ways
to keep clean.

No matter how and where you are boondocking, keeping
yourself, your vehicle and your surrounding area clean is vitally important.
Not only does it improve your health, but it
also improves public perception of yourself, and may allow you to stay
in places normally off limits, or be given
a bit of a pass. We’ve all seen disgusting homeless camps, don’t let your
boondocking camp become one of them.

Is it Legal to Live in Your Car?Avoiding Legal Hassles

Arrested by the police

This is a tough one, and as
always it wildly varies. When you use a dedicated camping site, you won’t have
any real problems. Some places like some big box retailers, truck stops and
rest areas will allow overnight parking. You should verify this ahead of time
whenever possible, and always, always, always be on your best behavior.

Moving away from this low
hanging fruit, some public lands allow parking or camping for
various lengths of time. Check local regulation. But there are a lot of gray
areas, especially in urban locations that are problematic. If you are forced to
boondock away from legal camping places, you are looking at parking on city side
streets, in parks, or any place you would normally
park a vehicle in the city.

Sometimes local authorities turn a blind eye to
these kinds of situations or even have designated
places where you can legally park. In other cases, you can expect to be chased
off, or even ticketed. Whenever possible choose a place to park that is legal,
or in places where local authorities have accepted the presence of people
living in their vehicles.

Try
to blend in, and make sure everything looks clean!

The better your vehicle looks, and the better
you look and behave, the better your chances of avoiding legal trouble are.
After all, who is more likely to get hassled by a cop? A crackhead, or a clean,
well-groomed person minding their own
business, who might just be a traveler
passing through?

If you can’t find a reliable place to park, you might have to keep moving
around to avoid contact with authorities. The more you move around, and the less you stay in one place, the harder
it is to cite you. Having a low key vehicle helps as well.

And again, no matter what your boondocking vehicle is, don’t act like a jackass.
It ruins it for everyone, regardless of the legality of where you are parking.

How To Earn Money While Boondocking

Working Remotely from a coffeeshop

When
you are boondocking, there are actually
a lot of ways to earn money. I once was homeless living in my car, and holding
down a full-time job. Suffice it to say,
I wasn’t living in my car for long, but there are plenty of ways to make cash.

Temp Agency Work

Temp agencies often offer skilled, and unskilled people a chance to earn money
on short term jobs. While the job market
varies from city to city, the more skills you have, the more likely you are to
get a decent temp job. Or you might get stuck selling hotdogs at a big league
stadium. But hey, a buck is a buck, right?

Working Remotely

There are also a lot of remote work opportunities. Legitimate work from home jobs exist, and you can find them on places like Upwork or Fiverr, although the pay can vary and tend to require some white-collar skills, a computer, and an internet connection. Typically these are content writing, graphics design, or coding jobs. You might also be able to find jobs with an answering service or as a virtual assistant if you have the equipment and skill set to do the job.

Seasonal jobs:
Traveling from city to city.

If you have the physical ability, there are seasonal farm jobs across the US. In some places, labor shortages make these jobs very attractive short term propositions if you can handle the work. Construction season often provides a means to earn seasonal income, as do various commercial fishing seasons. In the Western US, you might be able to get seasonal work on fire crews fighting wildfires.

Campground Hosts and Jobs

The great thing about these types of jobs is yo not only get your own personal spot to park and live, but you’ll get paid and also usually have full access to free WiFi ad Utility hookups.

Delivery Jobs

If
you have a suitable car or bike, there are also various delivery jobs you can
get through places like Uber or even Amazon and Wal-Mart. In fact, the so-called gig economy is booming,
and if you can match a skillset to a gig, you have the chance at extra or even
regular income.

Use your imagination and your skills!

If
you have certain talents or skills, you can also advertise locally on places
like local Facebook groups or Craigslist.

As
you can see, many jobs suitable for boondockers are short term, seasonal or
online. You will need a varied skillset, a willingness to work, and reliable
access to a computer, internet, and
smartphone. The urban boondocker living in their car could earn money in a
public library, or for the cost of a cup of coffee,
they can get a few hours of WIFi in a coffee shop.

The key to boondocking money is to think on your feet, be adaptable, and be
willing to work. It might not be as stable as a regular 9-5, but you can make a
go of it.

The Roadwarrior: Living the Nomadic Boondocking Lifestyle

Living in a Van

Boondocking can be a rewarding off the grid experience when done with a well-built RV, camping van, or even a tent trailer. It can be a full-time lifestyle that allows you to wander the country, and live free of the limits of traditional living.

It can also be a survival tool for those who are
suffering from financial hardship and
have no other way to live.

I have variously lived in my car, and several
RV’s, both on and off the grid. It is surprisingly easy to be comfortable and
live a quiet, hassle-free and rewarding
life. It can also be pure misery in the dead of winter when the inadequacies of
your preps hit you like a ton of bricks.

Many boondocking guides are focused on the RV
living aspect, and disregard the other elements of people forced into it, or
who choose to live a more nomadic life. It is impossible to do more than a
broad survey in an article like this, but you should come away with a solid
grounding in how to approach different elements of boondocking, and more
importantly an idea of the mindset needed.Boondocking is simply an
evolution of the old urge to travel and be free, or conversely to make do with
what you have and try to better yourself in the process. No matter where you
are on the boondocking spectrum, it doesn’t have to be hard, and it can even be
pretty darn nice.

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